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Planning for Success

July 23, 2012

What do time management, clean houses, stocked refrigerators, healthy eating habits, and job success have in common? They all require planning. They don’t just include planning, they require planning. It really isn’t an option, yet if as a society we always did what we know we should do, we wouldn’t have deficiencies in these areas. Identifying tools that you are comfortable using can support better planning.  

Planning is such an important success tool that there are many models to help you when implementing a process for planning. There are time management schedules, wellness programs, and leadership development sessions. However, no matter how you slice it, at the core of success is the individual’s ability to believe in the success and sustainability of planning.

Three models I find are very helpful in planning for my courses are the ADDIE model, the Human Performance Technology model, and the Student Achievement model.  The ADDIE model is a design tool beneficial in providing a framework for the course. Instructional designers use the ADDIE model as an old standby. The process begins with analysis and moves through the phases of design, develop, implement, and finally evaluate. It is a solid model, and good for planning content, but it doesn’t focus on the methods needed during instruction.  It is helpful if used as a precursor to understanding the Human Performance Technology model.

The Human Performance Technology (HPT) Model is a powerful design tool.  In human performance, the focus encompasses more than a linear continuum of problem to solution as in the ADDIE model. The HPT model analyzes the organization, the environment, work performance, gaps, causes, interventions, training, non-training, design, development, and implementation and throughout the entire process continually evaluates all the stages of the model with the expectation of continual improvement processes.  The HPT model uses proven research in performance improvement to suggest the right tool for the specific job while benchmarking and measuring the results. An intentional use of this model is ideal when a course has been designed, yet variables are affecting success rates.

The third model, the Student Achievement model is a powerful planning tool. Now that you have analyzed your situation and have a strong focus on performance, the Student Achievement model is a great outline to guide you through the planning process. The four domains of performance standards in the student achievement model are Planning, Instruction, Classroom Management, and Professionalism.  A walk though each of these areas prior to designing your course will help you maximize performance. In addition, the intentional use of the tenants of these domains provides a seamless checklist for success.

Planning is a difficult task. Vernon Howard said, “Can you think of anything more permanently elating than to know that you are on the right road at last?”  The results of planning are wonderful and allow for a more available psyche when speed bumps arise. People report the benefits of planning as a direct correlation to success. In your next endeavor, try it out and please, let us know how much better you feel.


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